The Deepalaya Education Society is renamed as Deepalaya. Phase Out Policy is formally established.
Ã¢â‚¬Å“To establish a new peaceful, socio-economic, politico-cultural order which will help and enlighten communities to transform themselves in to selfreliant, self-governed and exploitation – freesocial – structures that will foster a healthy and appropriate environment for the development of the disadvantaged, especially the children.
The child and fulfillment of its immediate and future needs through integrated development programmes.
The conceptualization, planning and implementation of development programmes with people’s consensus, cooperation and participation towards a long-term objective of rendering the communities, a self-reliant status.
Deepalaya Moves on …
A pot-pourri of events characterised the course of the turbulent and turmoil filled year, the year gone by, the year 1991. The Prime MinisterÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s cold blooded assassination, the political upheavals, the religious confrontations and a host of other problems irked the masses through the year. Needless to say, the have-nots bore the brunt of it all, to the core.
Deepalaya, in the face of many provocation arising out of disparities in the social-system, silently went on with its work of delivering goods to the poor and the resourceless while guiding them to better and brighter tomorrow. Still, Deepalaya has miles to go, to meet and live up to many more expectations-expectations emanating from the child- the child who is our tomorrow.
IT ALL BEGAN ……..
14 years ago, seven of them came together to serve the cause of the poor. Others joined in later to form the executive board of Deepalaya Education Society. Ã¢â‚¬Å“A society deprived of education is a society deprived of progressÃ¢â‚¬Â, has been their belief and since then Ã¢â‚¬ËœDeepalayaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ school and a host of allied development activity, growing day by day is what they are all proud of today;
Pre School – 3200, Formal School – 2355, Remedial Education – 4751, Non Formal Education – 2056, Adult Education – 1525
Growth Monitoring & Supplementary Nutrition – 5600, Immunisation – 8379, Dental & Eye care -8630, Potable water -5000, Housing -319, Communicable diseases – 11215
Central Co-ordination Committee – 1, Formal Associations – 41, Informal Groups – 97, Youth Groups – 20, WomenÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s Group – 32
Community Revolving fund – Rs.24,51,960
Recovery Rate 80%
Income Generation Programme
Skill training – 803, Small Business Development – 637, Petty trading units – 154, Micro Enterprises – 8, Group Enterprises – 2, Employment Bureau – 1
Through The Years
Since the year of its inception, 1978, Deepalaya has forged ahead with relentless efforts towards organizing people to participate in programmes in the field of education, health, community organization and income generation. From 5 in 1978 to 13,500 in 1992, Deepalaya today takes pride in reaching out to the families of these (children) in 21 slum clusters of Delhi for an overall improvement of the living conditions there of. To achieve this, Deepalaya in the last 14 years, has trained people – men and women both, for gainful employment through the path of functional literacy and vocational guidance. The crusade is on since then ……
Ã¢â‚¬Å“WE TREAD UPONÃ¢â‚¬â„¢
The mainstay of DeepalayaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s development activity, Education, imparts instructional and functional academic input to different age groups in its formal non-formal, remedial and adult education classes. The pre-school education aims at cognitive development, inculcation of healthy habits and discipline. The Remedial Education centres serve as support coaching centres for the weak students who are otherwise enrolled in MCD and other government schools. The NFE centres take care of the school dropouts and the adult education classes aim at introducing the illiterate adults particularly women to the literacy classes where the emphasis is more on utilisation knowledge than on formal syllabus bound class-room teaching. Within the ambit of certain set goals, the methodology for each of these academic streams varies as per the needs and demands of the beneficiary groups.
In tune with the Health for all goal by the year 2000, Deepalaya embarks upon the task of creating mass-awareness about the basic of healthy -living. The health workers, Ã¢â‚¬ËœPrathamasÃ¢â‚¬â„¢, as they are called in the hierarchy of the health functionaries, are the women drawn from within the communities to spread the word on good health in all its ramifications. While reaching out to the people seeking their participation in health-practices, the Prathamas are also expected to register the feed back about people’s need and aspirations that invariably help planners formulate policies for better implementation of health programmes. Base-line surveys, small group meetings, group leaderÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s training etc. are all the means by which communities are pulled into the fold of better living.
Besides the above mentioned community level health activities viz. preventive, curative and promotive, the school children are subjected to regular growth monitoring and health checkups. The identified malnourished and the border line cases are given supplementary nutrition along with appropriate medical intervention and health input.
|Pre-post Natal Care||2164||T.B||1730||1034|
|Other Dental Care||42||58|
Family Planning Intervention
GROWTH MONITORING – SUPPLEMENTARY NUTRITION
|Total Growth Monitoring and Nutrition care||At the beginningof the year 1990-91||At the end of theyear 1991-92|
|1) Ist Degree malnourished||301||1628|
|2) 2nd Degree malnourished||1680||476|
|3) 3rd Degree malnourished||338||165|
|4) Special nutritional care||23||0|
|5) Medical intervention||95||0|
Community Organisation Programmes
|WomenÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s Groups||20||32||The Community Organization sector in the last one year has entered a new phase. The office bearers of the organised
block level association are involving themselves with the staff of Deepalaya for organising, implementing and monitoring the programmes. The sub committees of the associations have taken up some of the responsibilities like purchasing the required items for running community kitchens, assisting in procuring material for establishing small business units and other community based activities. As on date the Associations have also been acquainted with the administrative norms and all the field staffs are on their pay roll. The responsibility of monitoring the programme more closely, thus is warranted. A loser scrutiny will enable them to become increasingly independent and ultimately self reliant. The formal associations have formed their by-laws and the process of registering them under the societies act has already started. The community revolving fund has enabled many a families in the community to procure assets which would otherwise have been beyond their purchasing power. The revolving fund has also been instrumental in bringing about a qualitative change in their life styles. The revolving fund concept is founded on the principles of thrift and saving and one remarkable features of DeepalayaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s revolving fund has been the high recovery rate from the beneficiaries who seek loan and return loan for the other beneficiaries in their group involved in credit & thrift.
|Parent TeacherÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s Associations||42||75|
|Specialized Groups, leading to self – reliance||12||23|
Income Generation Programmes
Targets achieved in the year 1991-92
|Small business Groups||44|
DeepalayaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s approach to income generation over the years, has revolved around the concepts of Ã¢â‚¬Å“utilisation of the available resources, traditional local and conventional, to the maximum benefit of the underprivileged with the long term objective of enabling them to attain self-relianceÃ¢â‚¬Â. An exhaustive study of the inherent strengths of the target communities in terms of manpower with traditional skills and know how thus forms a pre-requisite of all the income enhancement projects undertaken by Deepalaya. With the past experience of working with a sole mission of lending empowerment through education, Deepalaya reiterates its faith in an integrated approach that commands co-ordination of literacy and community organisation endeavor with income enhancement projects. The programmes thus encompass identification of beneficiaries, training and orientation, production, resource mobilisation for sales and rehabilitation by enabling them to be self-reliant with self-generated funds. To attain this Deepalaya has also taken upon itself the task of a Ã¢â‚¬ËœmentorÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ to facilitate loan -seeking or any such support or help that may be needed to launch viable and sustainable projects benefiting the poor.
The year that was, Trends & Reflections
|Education: Non Formal||Education: Formal|
|Indicators||West Delhi||South Delhi||South Delhi Total enrollment|
60 : 40
|Attendance||70-80%||75-85%||80-90%||35-95%||80-90% Promoted to next class secured above 60% marks|
|Performance (in terms of admission toformal schools)||35%||55%||60%||55%||62% Secured more than 50%
80% Secured 40% & above
|Integration with the main stream||190||200||310||295||30%|
For purposes of clarity and understanding, the educational programmes, run by Deepalaya are evaluated (as above) project wise. In West Delhi the education and development activity concentrates itself in 16 slum clusters around Raghubir Nagar, Khyala Gram, Kirti Nagar and Meera Bagh. At South Delhi, all the five slum clusters are the focus of Deepalaya activity. The locales are Sanjay Colony (Okhla Industrial Area Phase -II), Transit Camp (Kalkaji Extension), Golekuan (Okhla Industrial Area Phase-I) Gandhi Basti (East of Kailash) and Tagore Basti (East of Kailash). In West Delhi, the integrated child Development programmes were conceived at the time of conception whereas in South Delhi, the development activity in the slums took off as an extension activity of the formal school functioning where fulfillment of the childrenÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s needs required, the fulfillment of their families, needs
The Remedial Education Centres run under the aegis of Deepalaya provide a platform for those first generation learners who look up to Deepalaya for support coaching which they miss at home because of their parents inability to teach.
As many as seventeen units of RECÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s cater to needs of around 450 children who go to other schools but regularly attend DeepalayaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s Remedial Education Centres in South Delhi.
The pre-school centres run under the aegis of Deepalaya have shown a steady growth over the last few years. The number of balwadis have increased at the insistence of the communities. The girl child enrollment has shown a positive trend, marking the desired dent in the attitude pattern of the traditional communities. The approach and methodology remaining the same. the time to time intervention by the education experts in the form of workshop and seminars, has lent Deepalaya pre-school teaching an enviable status.
|Education :||Remedial||Education :||Pre-school|
|Indicators||West & South Delhi||Indicators||West & South Delhi|
|Performance score above 50%||50%||60%||Drop out rate||Negligible||Negligible|
Training Programmes for the Year 1991-92
|SL. No||Name of the organisation||Subject||The trainees||No. of participants||No. of times|
|1||Plan international||FOES||PD/EC/EDP supervisor||6||1|
|3||Personnel lab||Time mgt.||Trg. Officer||1||1|
|6||CRY & VHAI||Community A/C||POs||1||1|
|8||ARVIND EYE INSTITUTE||Vitamin A||APD||1||1|
|12||Plan international||Performance appraisal||PD/HRD/ team||4||1|
|15||DPP||Trg. need identification||Association member||80||1|
|16||DPP+ Mr.Kashyap||IGPDSD-new communication pkg.||POs/DPs/DAs||40||2|
|18||Delhi Coop.Society||Trg. on Coop||POs/Asson.memb||5||1|
|21||Inst. of internal Auditing||Stores & purchase procedures||Stores & purchase officers||2||1|
|22||Parivar Seva Sansthan||Family Health Education||Community||165||5|
|23||Personnel Lab||Time Mgmt.||PO/Exec. staff||14||1|
|24||Centre for software edu. service.||Computers||PO/DPs||11||1|
|27||Plan/TCS||Trg. of Trainers||Accountant||1|
|28||Indian Social Institute||Para legal|
|29||ACCORD||Self Devp.& Team bldg.||Exec staff, HRD team||9||3|
|30||NIPCCD||Project formulation & Mgt. of prog. for mother & child||Prog. consultant||1||1|
|31||DIET(DIST. INS. OF ED TRG.)||Non formal education||CLW||1|
|33||CRY||Balwadi||Teachers Staff trainer||1||1|
Each on the development scenario, brings for Deepalaya trainers, teachers and managers – new challenges to face in view of the human interactions that evolve and adopt varied stances to changing environs. Deepalaya equips its staff to handle this human – laboratoryÃ¢â‚¬Â with care and concern, suitably matching it with professional inputs. The concept building, planning budgeting, monitoring, teaching, resourcing etc. are the various fields where workers at all levels are provided specialized training for the maximum output and benefit for the target audience in the slums. The year 1991-92 saw the following professional input coming DeepalayaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s way.
The fundraising desk which became operational since November 1990 to match the international funding has hither to been made part of the communication Division of Deepalaya. The Communications Division and its functioning is geared towards sensitizing the Indian public towards the course that Deepalaya has been spear-heading for the last 14 years. That the fund -raising alone could not yield the desired results for a long term sustenance of the sponsorship projects, the need to undertake certain innovative projects was felt under the umbrella of Ã¢â‚¬ËœCommunicationsÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ per se. Between March 1991 and April has hither to been made part of the communication
The strategy evolved in all communication endeavors however was to obtain annual and perpetual sponsorship to get more and more children in the Deepalaya fold.
We have support & Collaboration of :
Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India
Income Tax Department
Slum Wing (DDA)
The Municipal Corporation of Delhi
The National Open School
It was DeepalayaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s privilege to have received the following visitors in the project locales for giving them the first hand feel of the development activity.
Most. Rev. Alexander Marthoma accompanied by Rt. Rev. Iraneus.
A delegation of Canadian Parliamentarians
Ms. Lakshmi Venkatesen, Trustee BYST(Bharatiya Yuva Shakti Trust)
A world Bank team headed by Ms. P.L. Randall.
Ms. Khin Sandi Lwin-Unicef
Deepalaya looks forward to a bigsplurge into action by way of :-
1. Launching an awareness drive all over India through the mass-media. Appeal advertisements human -interest stories highlighting DeepalayaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s efforts shall find place in the print and electronic media in the years to come.
2. Formation of street corner Theatre groups in the forms of Ã¢â‚¬ËœNUKKAD NATAK Ã¢â‚¬Ëœ and Ã¢â‚¬ËœJathasÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ for propagation of literacy , health and better living messages.
3. Working towards eradication of tuberculosis and achieving targets set by the total immunization campaigns. Attempts to rehabilitate the physically and mentally handicapped children shall find place in the priority sectors.
4. Organizing peopleÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s groups (samitis) towards total self reliance