Annual Report 1991-1992

Annual Report 1991-1992

The Deepalaya Education Society is renamed as Deepalaya. Phase Out Policy is formally established. 

“To establish a new peaceful, socio-economic, politico-cultural order which will help  and enlighten communities to transform themselves in to selfreliant, self-governed and  exploitation – freesocial – structures that will foster a healthy and appropriate environment for the development of the disadvantaged, especially the children.



The child and fulfillment of its immediate and future needs through integrated development programmes.


The conceptualization, planning and implementation of development programmes with people’s consensus, cooperation and participation towards a long-term  objective of rendering the communities, a self-reliant status.

Deepalaya Moves on …

A pot-pourri of events characterised the course of the turbulent and turmoil filled year, the year gone by, the year 1991.  The Prime Minister’s cold blooded assassination, the political upheavals, the religious confrontations and a host of  other problems irked the masses through the year.  Needless to say, the have-nots bore the brunt of it all, to the core.

Deepalaya, in the face of many provocation arising out of disparities in the social-system, silently went on with its work of delivering goods to the poor and the resourceless while guiding them to better and brighter tomorrow.  Still, Deepalaya has miles to go, to meet and live up to many more expectations-expectations emanating from the child- the child who is our tomorrow.


14 years ago, seven of them came together to serve the cause of the poor.  Others joined in later to form the executive board of Deepalaya Education Society.  “A society deprived of education is a society deprived of progress”, has been their belief and since then ‘Deepalaya’ school and a host of allied development activity, growing day by day is what they are all proud of today;


Pre School – 3200, Formal School  – 2355, Remedial Education  – 4751, Non Formal Education – 2056, Adult  Education –  1525


Growth Monitoring & Supplementary Nutrition  – 5600, Immunisation – 8379, Dental & Eye care  -8630, Potable water  -5000, Housing   -319, Communicable diseases  – 11215

Community Organisation

Central Co-ordination  Committee – 1, Formal Associations – 41, Informal Groups – 97, Youth Groups – 20, Women’s Group – 32
Community Revolving fund  – Rs.24,51,960
Recovery Rate   80%

Income Generation Programme

Skill training – 803, Small Business Development – 637, Petty trading units – 154, Micro Enterprises – 8, Group  Enterprises – 2, Employment Bureau – 1

Through The Years

Since the year of its inception, 1978, Deepalaya has forged ahead with relentless efforts towards organizing people to participate in programmes in the field of education, health, community organization and income generation.  From 5 in 1978 to 13,500 in 1992, Deepalaya today takes pride in reaching out to the families of these (children) in  21 slum clusters of Delhi for an overall  improvement of the living conditions  there of.  To achieve this, Deepalaya in the last 14 years, has trained people – men and women both, for gainful employment through the path of functional literacy and vocational guidance.  The crusade is on since then ……


The mainstay of Deepalaya’s development activity, Education, imparts instructional and functional academic input to different age groups in its formal non-formal, remedial and adult education classes.  The pre-school education aims at cognitive development, inculcation of healthy habits and discipline.  The Remedial Education  centres serve as support coaching centres for the weak students who are otherwise enrolled in MCD and other government schools.  The NFE centres take care of the school dropouts and the adult education classes aim at introducing the illiterate adults particularly women to the literacy classes where the emphasis is more on utilisation knowledge than on formal syllabus bound class-room teaching.  Within the ambit of certain set goals, the methodology for each of these academic streams varies as per the needs and demands of the beneficiary groups.


In tune with the Health for all goal by the year 2000, Deepalaya embarks upon the task of creating mass-awareness about the basic of healthy -living.  The health workers, ‘Prathamas’, as they are called in the hierarchy of the health functionaries, are the women drawn from within the communities to spread the word on good health in all its ramifications.  While reaching out to the people seeking their participation in health-practices, the Prathamas are also expected  to register the feed back about people’s need and aspirations that invariably help planners formulate policies for better implementation of health programmes.  Base-line surveys, small group meetings, group leader’s training etc. are all the means by which communities are pulled into the fold of better living.
Besides the above mentioned community level health activities viz. preventive, curative and promotive, the school children are subjected to regular growth monitoring and health checkups.  The identified malnourished and the border line cases are given supplementary nutrition along with appropriate medical intervention and health input.


Preventive     Curative    
Beneficiaries Diseases Patients
Pre-post Natal Care 2164  T.B 1730 1034
143  108
Immunization 1781 Leprosy 39 19
  Skin diseases 140 120
Polio 1951 General ailments 1212 633
Booster (immunisation) 978 Diarrhea 154 96
Other Dental Care 42 58


Family Planning Intervention

1990-91 1991-92
Permanent 50 76
Temporary  20 177



Total Growth Monitoring and Nutrition care  At the beginningof the year 1990-91 At the end of theyear 1991-92
1) Ist Degree malnourished 301 1628
2) 2nd Degree malnourished 1680 476
3) 3rd Degree malnourished 338 165
4) Special nutritional care 23 0
5) Medical intervention  95 0


Community Organisation Programmes

Occupation/Activity  1990-91   1991-92   Community Organisation 
Women’s Groups 20  32 The Community Organization sector in the last one year has entered a new phase.  The office bearers of the organised
block  level association are  involving themselves with the staff of Deepalaya for organising, implementing and monitoring the programmes.  The  sub committees of the associations have taken up some of the responsibilities like  purchasing the required items for running community kitchens, assisting  in procuring material for establishing small business units and other community based activities.  As on date the Associations have also been acquainted  with the administrative norms and all  the field staffs are on their pay roll.  The responsibility of monitoring the programme more closely, thus is warranted.  A loser scrutiny will enable them to become increasingly independent and ultimately self reliant.  The formal associations have formed their by-laws and the process of registering them under the societies act has already started.  The community revolving fund has enabled many a families in the community to procure assets which would otherwise have been beyond their purchasing power.  The revolving fund has also been instrumental in bringing about  a qualitative change in their life styles.  The  revolving fund concept is founded on the principles of thrift and saving and one remarkable features of Deepalaya’s revolving fund has been the high recovery rate from the beneficiaries who seek loan and return loan for the other beneficiaries in their group involved in credit & thrift.
 Youth Groups 15 20
Sanitation Groups  4   8
Housing Groups 52  80
Informal Groups 78 90
Formal Associations
Unregistered Associations  23  39
Registered Association 1 2
Parent Teacher’s Associations 42 75
communication  Groups 2 3
Empowered Groups 7 20
Specialized Groups, leading to self –    reliance   12 23 


Income Generation Programmes
Targets achieved in the year 1991-92

Occupation/Activity  Beneficiaries
Petty Traders 63
Small business Groups 44
Entrepreneurs 35
Self employed 105
Production Groups 3
Processing Groups 20
Community entrepreneurs  1


Income Generation

Deepalaya’s approach to income generation over the years, has revolved around the concepts of “utilisation of the available resources, traditional local and conventional, to the maximum benefit of the underprivileged with the long term objective of enabling them to attain self-reliance”.  An exhaustive study of the inherent strengths of the target communities in terms of manpower with traditional skills and know how thus forms a pre-requisite of all the income enhancement projects undertaken by Deepalaya. With the past experience of working with a sole mission of lending empowerment through education, Deepalaya reiterates its faith in  an integrated approach that commands co-ordination  of literacy and community organisation endeavor with income enhancement projects.  The programmes thus encompass identification of beneficiaries, training and orientation, production, resource mobilisation for sales and rehabilitation by enabling them to be self-reliant with self-generated funds. To attain this Deepalaya has also taken upon itself  the task of a ‘mentor’ to facilitate loan -seeking or any such support or help that may be needed to launch viable and sustainable projects benefiting the poor.

The year that was, Trends & Reflections

Education:         Non Formal     Education: Formal
Indicators West Delhi South Delhi  South Delhi Total enrollment
1990-91  1991-92  1990-91 1991-92
 Enrollment  395  402  622 637 855    Male+Female
60     :  40
Attendance 70-80%  75-85% 80-90%    35-95%   80-90% Promoted to next class secured  above 60% marks
Performance (in terms of admission toformal schools)  35%  55%  60%   55% 62% Secured more than 50%
80% Secured 40% & above
Integration with the  main stream 190  200   310  295  30%


For purposes of clarity and understanding, the educational programmes, run by Deepalaya are evaluated (as above) project wise.  In West Delhi the education and development activity concentrates itself in 16 slum clusters around Raghubir Nagar, Khyala Gram, Kirti Nagar and Meera Bagh.  At South Delhi, all the five slum clusters are the focus of Deepalaya activity.  The locales are Sanjay Colony (Okhla Industrial Area Phase -II), Transit Camp (Kalkaji Extension), Golekuan (Okhla Industrial Area Phase-I) Gandhi Basti (East of  Kailash) and Tagore Basti (East of Kailash).  In West Delhi, the integrated child Development programmes were conceived at the time of conception whereas in South Delhi, the development activity in the slums took off as an extension activity of the formal school functioning where fulfillment of the children’s needs required, the fulfillment of their families, needs

Remedial Education

The Remedial Education Centres run under the aegis of Deepalaya provide a platform for those first generation learners who look up to Deepalaya for support coaching which they miss at home because  of their parents inability to teach.

As many as seventeen units of REC’s cater to needs of around 450 children who go to other schools but regularly attend Deepalaya’s Remedial Education Centres in South Delhi.

The pre-school centres run under the aegis of Deepalaya have shown a steady growth over the last few years.  The number of balwadis have increased at the insistence of the communities.  The girl child enrollment has shown a positive trend, marking the desired dent in the attitude pattern of the traditional communities.  The approach and methodology remaining the same. the time to time intervention by the education experts in the form of workshop and seminars, has lent Deepalaya pre-school teaching an enviable status.

Education :   Remedial  Education :  Pre-school
Indicators West & South Delhi Indicators West & South Delhi
1990-91 1991-92 1990-91  1991-92
Enrollment 4157   5998  Enrollment 3092 3200
Attendance 80-90% 75 -80%  Attendance  85-90% 85-90%
Performance score above 50%  50%  60%  Drop out rate Negligible    Negligible


Training Programmes for the Year 1991-92

SL. No Name of the organisation Subject  The trainees No. of participants No. of times
1 Plan international FOES PD/EC/EDP supervisor 6 1
2  DPP FOES PD/DPs/DAs/Health workers 25 1
3 Personnel lab Time mgt.  Trg. Officer 1 1
5 Dr.Gulati Health CLWs/health guide 97 747
6 CRY & VHAI Community A/C  POs 1 1
7 CYSD Micro-enterprise devp. APD 1 1
9 DPP Drug abuse CLW/DP 15 1
10 DPP DSD-Communi, pkg. POs/DPs/DAs 35 3
11 Plan/Myrada PRA PO 1 1
12 Plan  international Performance appraisal PD/HRD/ team 4 1
13 Plan  international Foes EC 1 2
14 DPP  Induction programme DPs 6 2
15  DPP Trg. need identification Association member 80 1
16 DPP+ Mr.Kashyap  IGPDSD-new communication pkg. POs/DPs/DAs 40 2
17 DPP -DO- -DO- 45 4
18 Delhi Coop.Society Trg. on Coop POs/Asson.memb 5 1
19 Tamanna Mental Retd. CLWs 35 3
20 VHAI Health Management PO/DP 2 1
21 Inst. of internal Auditing  Stores & purchase procedures Stores & purchase officers 2 1
22 Parivar Seva Sansthan Family Health Education Community 165 5
23 Personnel Lab Time Mgmt. PO/Exec. staff 14 1
24 Centre for software edu. service. Computers PO/DPs 11 1
25 IEC Computer A/c Asst. 1 1
26 Computer centre -do- PD/Accountant 2 1
27  Plan/TCS Trg. of Trainers Accountant 1
28 Indian Social Institute Para legal
29 ACCORD Self Devp.& Team bldg. Exec staff, HRD team 9 3
30 NIPCCD Project formulation & Mgt. of prog. for mother & child Prog. consultant 1 1
31 DIET(DIST. INS. OF ED TRG.) Non formal education CLW 1
32 Aastha TOT Ed. Officer 2 1
33 CRY Balwadi Teachers Staff trainer 1 1
34  CRY A/C Mgt DP 1 1


Workers’ Delight
‘Professional Inputs’

Each on the development scenario, brings for Deepalaya trainers, teachers and managers – new challenges to face in view of the human interactions that evolve and adopt varied stances to changing environs.  Deepalaya equips its staff to handle this human – laboratory” with care and concern, suitably matching it with professional inputs.  The concept building, planning budgeting, monitoring, teaching, resourcing etc. are the various fields where workers at all levels are provided specialized training for the maximum output and benefit for the target audience in the slums.  The year 1991-92 saw the following professional input coming Deepalaya’s way.

Communication Division

The fundraising desk which became operational since November 1990 to match the international funding has hither to been made part of the communication Division of Deepalaya.  The Communications Division and its functioning is geared towards sensitizing the Indian public towards the course that Deepalaya has been spear-heading for the last 14 years.  That the fund -raising alone could not yield the desired results for a long term sustenance of the sponsorship projects, the need to undertake certain innovative projects was felt under the umbrella of ‘Communications’ per se.  Between March 1991 and April   has hither to been made part of the communication

The strategy evolved in all communication endeavors however was to obtain annual and perpetual sponsorship to get more and more children in the Deepalaya fold.
We have support & Collaboration of :
Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India
Income Tax Department
Slum Wing (DDA)
The Municipal Corporation of Delhi
The National Open School

It was Deepalaya’s privilege to have received the following visitors in the project locales for giving them the first hand feel of the development activity.
Most. Rev. Alexander Marthoma accompanied by Rt. Rev. Iraneus.
A delegation of Canadian Parliamentarians
Ms. Lakshmi Venkatesen, Trustee BYST(Bharatiya Yuva Shakti Trust)
A world Bank team headed by Ms. P.L. Randall.
Ms. Khin Sandi Lwin-Unicef
Our Tomorrow

Deepalaya looks forward to a bigsplurge into action by way of :-

1.  Launching an awareness drive all over India through the mass-media.  Appeal advertisements human -interest stories highlighting Deepalaya’s efforts shall find place in the print and electronic media in the years to come.
2. Formation of street corner Theatre groups in the forms of ‘NUKKAD NATAK ‘ and ‘Jathas’ for propagation of literacy , health and better living messages.
3. Working towards eradication of tuberculosis and achieving targets set by the total immunization campaigns.  Attempts to rehabilitate the physically and mentally handicapped  children shall find place in the priority sectors.
4. Organizing people’s groups (samitis) towards total self reliance

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